World’s greenest highway combines cutting-edge sustainability, enhanced community living, and pioneering green infrastructure to redefine urban mobility.

The Dubai Green Spine project is a transformative urban development initiative designed to redefine the Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Road (E311) into a 64-kilometer-long sustainable corridor, exemplifying Dubai’s commitment to innovative, sustainable, and integrated urban planning. 

This ambitious project aligns with the visionary Dubai 2040 Urban Master Plan, anticipating the city’s growth to nearly 8 million residents. It aims to enhance urban mobility, improve environmental quality, and create a vibrant, sustainable community space that serves as a model for future global urban development.

Set against the backdrop of Dubai’s rapid expansion and its evolving needs, the Green Spine is more than just an infrastructure project; it is a strategic endeavor to cultivate a greener, more livable city. By converting one of the city’s major arterial roads into a multifunctional public realm, the project introduces extensive greenery, promotes non-motorized transport, and integrates renewable energy sources, significantly reducing the city’s carbon footprint. 

These features are designed to improve air quality, reduce urban heat, and offer residents and visitors accessible, safe, and attractive routes for commuting and leisure, enhancing the overall quality of urban life.

The Dubai Green Spine project is designed by URB, the same masterminds behind pioneering projects such as the Dubai Reefs Project, Dubai Mangroves and The Loop in Dubai.

URB’s CEO, Baharash Bagherian, describes the project as a paradigm shift: “The Dubai Green Spine isn’t just about transit; it’s about transforming urban functionality, making the city more livable and human-centric. It challenges conventional infrastructure norms, proving that our streets can do more than facilitate car traffic; they can significantly enhance quality of life. This project exemplifies the profound impact thoughtful, integrated urban planning can have on a city’s health and vibrancy.”

“Adopting a more human-centric approach means prioritizing people and green spaces over cars. The Dubai Green Spine is at the forefront of this shift, transforming urban spaces into vibrant, healthy environments that serve as the city’s lungs and arteries. This initiative promotes sustainable modes of transport and community zones over traditional car-dominated roads, thus enhancing the quality of urban life. We’re not just improving mobility; we’re creating an environment where people thrive. This forward-thinking approach is the future of urban planning, focusing on the well-being and connectivity of all residents.”

The Green Spine also incorporates cutting-edge technology and smart urban planning principles. It will feature IoT-enabled infrastructure, real-time traffic management systems, and energy-efficient buildings, setting a benchmark in smart city solutions. This integrated approach ensures that the corridor not only supports the current population but is also adaptable to future technological advancements and environmental challenges.

Furthermore, this project is a critical component of Dubai’s broader goals to foster economic growth, social cohesion, and environmental sustainability. By creating a continuous linear park along with commercial and cultural hubs, the Green Spine facilitates economic opportunities and community interactions, knitting together diverse neighborhoods into a cohesive urban fabric. Educational, recreational, and cultural programs along the Spine will engage communities, making the space a dynamic center for social exchange and cultural enrichment.

Through its comprehensive design that blends functionality with aesthetics, the Dubai Green Spine aims to transform the urban landscape, making Dubai a global leader in urban sustainability. This project is not just a pathway for transit; it’s a lifeline for the city’s future, ensuring that Dubai remains at the forefront of innovative urban solutions, and setting a precedent for cities around the world aiming to combine growth with sustainability.


  • 64km sustainable urban corridor.
  • 300 megawatts solar power.
  • Promotes biodiversity with 1 million trees.
  • Aligns with Dubai 2040 Plan.
  • Promotes non-motorized transport.
  • Significantly reduces carbon footprint.
  • Enhances community connectivity.
  • Incorporates urban farms and gardens.
  • Utilizes porous drainage systems.
  • Fosters economic and social growth.

The Dubai Green Spine isn’t just about transit; it’s about transforming urban functionality, making the city more livable and human-centric.

Baharash Bagherian

The Dubai Green Spine isn’t just about transit; it’s about transforming urban functionality, making the city more livable and human-centric.

Baharash Bagherian



The Dubai Green Spine, strategically situated along Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Road (E311), is designed to fundamentally transform one of Dubai’s major transportation arteries into a vibrant, multifunctional urban corridor. This initiative is directly aligned with the Dubai 2040 Urban Master Plan, which anticipates a significant population increase, necessitating robust infrastructure that can support both current and future mobility and sustainability demands.

The Green Spine is pivotal for enhancing urban connectivity and efficiency across Dubai, facilitating smoother and faster commutes between various residential, commercial, and cultural districts. This enhanced connectivity is expected to drive substantial economic growth, attract investments, and improve the overall urban fabric of the city. By integrating a mix of community amenities, commercial and recreational spaces with green infrastructure and sustainable transport options, the project aims to reduce the city’s dependence on automobiles, thereby decreasing traffic congestion and lowering carbon emissions.

Moreover, the Green Spine addresses critical environmental challenges by incorporating extensive green spaces that are expected to improve air quality and reduce the urban heat island effect. These green spaces will be integrated with pedestrian paths, cycling tracks, and electric tram lines, creating a seamless and environmentally friendly transportation network. This approach not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of the corridor but also promotes a healthier, more sustainable lifestyle among Dubai’s residents.

This project also plays a crucial role in future-proofing the city against environmental, economic, and social shifts. By fostering a resilient infrastructure that can adapt to changing climate conditions and urban demands, the Green Spine ensures long-term sustainability. It is designed to be a dynamic model for urban development, showcasing how integrated planning and innovative design can create a thriving, sustainable city that attracts global attention and sets new standards for urban living.

With its comprehensive approach to urban regeneration, the Dubai Green Spine is set to become a cornerstone in Dubai’s transformation into a global hub of sustainability and innovation. It exemplifies how cities can embrace change and harness it to improve the quality of life for their inhabitants, making it a model for cities worldwide aiming to combine growth with sustainability.


Total length of entire project.
0 Km
Aligns with Dubai's 2040 Urban Master Plan goals.
Supports Dubai's 20-minute city initiative.
Harvests 300 Megawatts of clean energy.
Reduces CO2 emissions by 1 Million tonnes annually.
1 Million
Powers approximately 130,000 homes.
Trams powered entirely by solar energy.
Features over 1 Million trees.
1 Million



The Dubai Green Spine project aims to revolutionize the infrastructure along Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Road (E311) by converting it into a 64-kilometer stretch of sustainable and vibrant urban space. This comprehensive transformation is designed to facilitate not only the movement of people and goods but also to enhance the environmental and social fabric of Dubai. At its core, the project integrates seamless public transportation systems including electric trams and dedicated pathways for bicycles and pedestrians, fostering a shift from car-dependent to more sustainable modes of transport.

The infrastructure will be embedded with smart technology, including IoT sensors for optimizing traffic management and energy use, making the Green Spine a benchmark for modern urban ecosystems. Pedestrian paths and cycling tracks will be lined with native flora, contributing to biodiversity and offering natural cooling and cleaner air. This approach encourages residents and visitors to engage more actively with their environment, promoting health and wellness through increased physical activity and reduced air pollution.

In addition to transport innovations, the Green Spine is set to include mixed-use assets that blend community amenities, commercial, and leisure spaces. These areas will be strategically placed to maximize accessibility and convenience, reducing the need for long commutes and enhancing the quality of life. The design also prioritizes safety and inclusivity, ensuring that all segments of the population can benefit from the new facilities. Educational and cultural facilities integrated along the spine will serve as hubs for community engagement and learning, further solidifying the spine’s role as a central, integrative urban feature.

The Dubai Green Spine also introduces urban agriculture initiatives like vertical farms and community allotments along the corridor. These green spaces allow residents to engage in growing their own food, which not only supports local food security but also fosters community engagement and education about sustainable practices. These areas enhance social interaction and provide fresh produce directly within the urban landscape, enriching the community’s connection to their environment.

To ensure resilience against flooding, the Green Spine incorporates sustainable urban drainage systems, including porous surfaces that absorb rainwater. This design reduces the risk of flooding, even during heavy rainfall, by efficiently managing stormwater. The incorporation of these eco-friendly drainage solutions ensures the infrastructure remains functional and safe, enhancing the Green Spine’s sustainability and adaptability to environmental changes.

This multi-faceted approach ensures that the Dubai Green Spine will not just be a transit route but a thriving artery for the city, fostering economic growth, social interaction, and environmental sustainability. It promises to transform the urban landscape of Dubai, making it more resilient and adaptable to the needs of its growing population while setting new standards for global urban development.  



The Dubai Green Spine is designed to be a green heart for the city, enhancing livability through the creation of expansive, accessible public spaces that serve as green lungs and social hubs. The project emphasizes the importance of biodiversity, accommodating more than 1 million trees of a variety of native and adapted plant species that will create a series of interconnected green havens along the urban corridor. These green spaces will not only beautify the city but also play critical ecological roles by providing habitats for urban wildlife and contributing to the city’s environmental health.

Community engagement is central to the Green Spine’s design philosophy. The project aims to foster a strong sense of community ownership and participation through the creation of versatile spaces that accommodate a wide range of activities. Playgrounds, allotments, outdoor fitness areas, sports facilities, and community gardens are planned to encourage social interaction and active lifestyles. These facilities will be complemented by regular programming of cultural, educational, and recreational activities that engage diverse groups, promoting inclusivity and community cohesion.

Additionally, the Dubai Green Spine aligns perfectly with Dubai’s 20-minute city initiative, which aims to create a city layout where residents can access their needs within a 20-minute walk from their homes. By integrating a comprehensive network of green pathways, pedestrian routes, and cycling tracks, the Green Spine enhances urban connectivity, making it feasible for residents to reach essential services and leisure areas quickly and conveniently. This initiative not only promotes a healthier, more active lifestyle but also significantly reduces the need for vehicular travel, thus lowering urban traffic and its associated environmental impacts. The Green Spine’s role in this broader urban planning framework showcases its commitment to creating a more accessible, efficient, and environmentally friendly city.

Moreover, the Green Spine will be equipped with state-of-the-art environmental monitoring systems to ensure that the natural habitats are maintained and enhanced. Education programs focused on sustainability and biodiversity will be integral, helping residents and visitors understand and appreciate the natural resources within their city. This educational component, coupled with active community management, ensures that the Green Spine remains a sustainable, vibrant, and cherished part of Dubai’s urban ecosystem.

The combination of green infrastructure, community-focused design, and biodiversity enhancement initiatives makes the Dubai Green Spine a model of urban livability. It represents a future where urban environments are not only functional but are also sustainable and enriching, providing safe, enjoyable, and healthy lifestyles for all inhabitants.



The Dubai Green Spine is poised to become a catalyst for sustainable urban development, intertwining economic, social, and environmental benefits into a cohesive and innovative project. Economically, this initiative is expected to bolster Dubai’s economy by creating a multitude of job opportunities and stimulating growth in sectors such as construction, technology, and services. The integration of commercial spaces along the corridor will attract businesses and entrepreneurs, thereby increasing property values and enhancing the economic vitality of the area.

Socially, the Green Spine is designed to significantly improve the quality of life for residents and visitors by offering safe, accessible, and vibrant public spaces. These areas are tailored to encourage a range of activities that foster social interactions and community bonding. From playgrounds and sports facilities to cultural venues and open green spaces, the Green Spine will facilitate community engagement and active lifestyles, promoting social well-being across diverse population groups. Furthermore, the project aims to improve mobility by providing efficient and eco-friendly transportation options, reducing commute times, and making the city more navigable.

From an environmental standpoint, the Green Spine sets a new standard for sustainability. The project emphasizes the use of renewable energy sources, particularly solar power, to run public transportation systems and light public areas. Advanced water management systems are planned to optimize water use and enhance water conservation, crucial in Dubai’s arid climate. Additionally, the extensive planting of trees and vegetation along the corridor will not only beautify the area but also play a critical role in air purification and the reduction of urban heat, contributing to a healthier and more sustainable urban environment.

The Dubai Green Spine thus represents a comprehensive approach to urban development, balancing growth with sustainability. By seamlessly integrating these economic, social, and environmental initiatives, the project not only enhances immediate urban life but also ensures long-term sustainability, setting a replicable model for future cities worldwide. Through this visionary project, Dubai is demonstrating its commitment to becoming a leading city in sustainability and resilience, ready to meet the challenges of the future while ensuring prosperity and quality of life for its inhabitants. 



The Dubai Green Spine is designed as a model of resilience and future-proofing, anticipating and mitigating the impacts of climate change, urbanization, and technological shifts. This project, stretching over 64 kilometers along Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Road, integrates sustainable infrastructure and green spaces to enhance Dubai’s urban environment and ensure its viability against future challenges.

A core feature of the Green Spine’s resilience strategy involves the integration of advanced, durable construction materials and technologies capable of withstanding extreme weather conditions. These include heat-resistant pavements and permeable hardscape surfaces, which are critical in a region prone to intense heat and occasional heavy rains. The infrastructure is also designed for flexibility, allowing for upgrades as technological advances and environmental needs evolve, ensuring long-term sustainability.

Green infrastructure plays a pivotal role in mitigating urban heat island effects and improving air quality. The extensive use of parks, green roofs, and vertical gardens helps regulate urban temperatures, providing cooler, cleaner air, and enhancing stormwater management. These areas not only serve as recreational spaces but also form ecological corridors that support biodiversity and connect different parts of the city, fostering a harmonious coexistence of urban life and nature.

Water resilience is further enhanced by the incorporation of bioswales, which are landscape elements designed to concentrate and convey stormwater runoff while removing debris and pollution. Bioswales are an integral part of the sophisticated water management systems that capture, recycle, and utilize rainwater and greywater. This integration reduces dependence on municipal water supplies and ensures the Green Spine can sustain green areas and maintain hygiene standards during water-scarce periods.

Social resilience is enhanced by fostering community interaction within inclusive and accessible public spaces. The Green Spine promotes active living with its network of paths for walking, cycling, and recreational activities, crucial for public health. Community centers and public spaces are designed to be welcoming to all, encouraging a vibrant community life that can adapt to social changes.

Through these measures, the Dubai Green Spine exemplifies how urban design can be both adaptive and proactive, positioning Dubai as a leader in urban sustainability and resilience. This project not only addresses current environmental and social needs but also sets a benchmark for future urban planning globally.



The Dubai Green Spine is set to be a hallmark of sustainability, with a strong emphasis on renewable energy that aligns with Dubai’s clean energy initiatives. This ambitious project plans to utilize 100% renewable energy sources to power its infrastructure, primarily focusing on solar energy—a plentiful resource in Dubai’s arid climate. This commitment reflects a significant shift towards reducing the city’s carbon footprint and promoting environmental stewardship at a municipal scale.

Solar panels will be extensively integrated into the architecture of the Green Spine. The tram system, a central feature of the Green Spine, will be especially notable for its use of ground-breaking technology that incorporates solar panels directly into the tram tracks. This not only provides a constant source of power to the tram network but also reduces the need for extensive overhead power lines, maintaining the aesthetic integrity of the corridor.

In total, the Dubai Green Spine project can generate over 300 megawatts of clean, renewable energy. This impressive output is sufficient to power approximately 130,000 homes in Dubai, demonstrating the project’s substantial contribution to the city’s energy needs. Moreover, by using solar power instead of fossil fuels, the project helps reduce CO2 emissions by approximately 1,051,200 tonnes annually. This significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions underscores the project’s vital role in Dubai’s environmental strategy, supporting the city’s transition towards a more sustainable energy future. The shift to solar energy not only helps mitigate climate change but also improves air quality, reduces dependence on imported fuels, and enhances energy security.

Beyond solar panels, the project will feature advanced energy storage solutions to manage the intermittent nature of solar power. These storage systems will ensure a stable and reliable supply of electricity, even during off-peak sunlight hours, enabling a seamless operation of public transport and other infrastructure services around the clock. The integration of smart grid technology will further enhance energy efficiency, allowing for real-time energy management and distribution based on current demand and supply conditions.

The commitment to renewable energy extends to building practices within the Green Spine. All structures will be designed to meet high standards of energy efficiency, with features such as high-performance insulation, energy-efficient lighting, and climate-responsive design. These buildings will not only consume power from renewable sources but will also contribute to energy generation, embodying a holistic approach to sustainable development.

This comprehensive strategy to implement renewable energy technologies showcases Dubai’s leadership in embracing green solutions. The Dubai Green Spine serves as a model for future urban planning, demonstrating that large-scale renewable energy implementation is both feasible and beneficial for cities aiming to achieve sustainability targets and enhance the quality of life for their residents. Through this project, Dubai is setting a precedent that other cities might follow, highlighting the potential of integrated renewable energy systems in urban environments.



The Dubai Green Spine is envisioned to become a pioneering model for urban development globally, showcasing how cities can integrate sustainability, functionality, and community-centric designs into their urban fabric. This project exemplifies a holistic approach to city planning, combining advanced transportation systems, sustainable energy practices, and extensive public spaces in a way that can be adapted by cities worldwide looking to enhance their livability and environmental resilience.

The Green Spine incorporates a myriad of features designed to set benchmarks for future urban projects. A key aspect of this initiative is the seamless integration of green infrastructure within urban development. This multifaceted urban innovation not only enhances the city’s beauty but also plays crucial roles in air purification, temperature regulation, and providing habitats for urban biodiversity. The Spine’s green spaces are interconnected by a network of pedestrian and cycling paths, promoting active transportation and reducing reliance on cars. This aligns with global goals to reduce urban carbon emissions and underscores the project’s commitment to sustainable urban living.

In terms of energy, the Green Spine’s commitment to being powered entirely by renewable sources presents a forward-thinking model of how cities can achieve energy independence while supporting sustainable growth. The integration of solar panels into urban infrastructure, along with the use of energy-efficient building designs and materials, demonstrates practical applications of clean energy technologies in a metropolitan context.

The project’s smart city components—such as IoT connectivity, real-time data analytics, and automated systems for traffic and environmental management—illustrate the potential of technology to enhance urban efficiency and responsiveness. These features enable continuous monitoring and optimization of city functions, from energy use to traffic flow and public safety, setting a standard for how cities can use technology to improve their operations and service delivery.

Furthermore, the Green Spine is designed with an eye towards social sustainability. It fosters inclusive and vibrant communities by providing spaces that are accessible to everyone and cater to a variety of uses and activities. Community engagement is encouraged through interactive public art installations, outdoor learning programs, and cultural events that enrich the social life of the city.

By addressing these multidimensional aspects of urban living—environmental, technological, and social—the Dubai Green Spine serves as a comprehensive blueprint for future cities. It illustrates that urban development can be sustainable, innovative, and inclusive, providing valuable lessons for cities around the world on how to harness urban planning as a tool for environmental stewardship and social well-being. Through this project, Dubai not only advances its own urban development but also contributes to the global discourse on sustainable city planning, offering insights and strategies that are adaptable to different urban contexts and challenges.